Aquatic

Aquarium Filtration for Beginner

Filter is the most important equipment in an aquarium and this is what you must know before getting into fish keeping. 

There are many different types of filtration systems in the market and for a beginner it can be confusing. There's a hang-on where the filter hangs on the outside of the aquarium, internal where the filter is submerged in the filter and there’s canister where the filter is in a canister sitting below the aquarium connected with 2 hoses. And there are many many more. They all have their advantages over each other. This is because they are made to be used based on different criteria such as design of the aquarium, type of fishes and budget. But they all do the same thing. To house the filter media

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All you needs to know about potassium in aquascaping

All you needs to know about potassium in aquascaping

Potassium has two main functions for plants. To help plants activate basic enzymes for the production of food aka proteins and sugars and to help plants maintain healthy leaves for efficient photosynthesis. Potassium deficiency will cause plants to have leaves that look as if they've melted or burned.
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How to trim your aquascape

How to trim your aquascape

Our 120p aquascape display tank hasn't been properly trimmed for a long time. Aside from some minor trimming of the top parts of the stem plants we didn’t really do much to it. This causes many of the stem plants to have no leaf on the lower part. 
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NemoLight S72 88 Pets Mart edition long term review

NemoLight S72 88 Pets Mart edition long term review

This is the NemoLight S72 Plants 88 Pets Mart Edition. We requested a custom LEDs arrangement for the standard NemoLight s72 model with the set of LEDs that consist more of the wavelength of 450, 612 and 660 nanometer to optimize photosynthesis active radiation (PAR) and also a warmer color temperature. All of this means that the plants will be able to absorb more of the radiation that is put out by the light. Which means better growth, vibrant color and less algae problem. 
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90p Aquascape - LOST

90p Aquascape - LOST

We have had this tank for my then a year. We set it up to test the NemoLight S72 88 Pets Mart Edition and it is long for a major maintenance and trimming. Before we do that we decided to take a feature video of it. By the time this video is out the tank should have gone thru it's major maintenance and trimming process. Hopefully it will turns out better then ever. 

We will post a follow up picture of it but for now, enjoy the 90P aquascape display tank tittle Lost.

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Step by step video guild to setup a nano aquascape tank

Step by step video guild to setup a nano aquascape tank

We have collaborated with Seachem Malaysia to bring you an in-depth video of creating a nano aquascape aquarium. 

The Scaping

In this video we will be using Seachem Flourite as our substrate. 7kg of Flourite will occupy a 7000cm³ area. Which means you'll just need to multiply the length, width and the thickness of the substrate you prefer and divide it by 7000 and multiply the result with 7 to determine the kg of Flourite you'll need. Unlike soil type substrate, Flourite doesn't come with nutrients but instead it absorbs and stores nutrients. Planting with Flourite is rather easy as it is heavy allowing it to hold the plants easier. But it needs to be clean throughout before using as it's rather dirty out of the bag. In the past we used Flourite as a substrate before. We find it easy to use and maintain. Another advantage of using Flourite as it can be clean and reuse during respace. Although some of the Flourite will be lost during cleaning, especially the sand version. The downside is ...

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Understanding Phosphorus in Aquascape

Understanding Phosphorus in Aquascape

Ideally phosphorus should be kept in the range of 0.1 to 1mg/L. It should never be allowed to fall below 0.1mg/L but it is acceptable to be more than 1mg/L as long as the plants are healthy and no algae can be seen. To prevent algae from growing in a high phosphorus concentrated water, nitrogen needs to be in the correct ratio. For instance, if your phosphorus has accumulated to 1.5mg/L, your nitrogen should be somewhere around 15 to 30mg/L. This will allow the plants to grow fast enough to combat the algae. As long as you have proper lighting and the right CO2 concentration, your plants should be able to win the race against algae. 

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Understanding Nitrogen in Aquascape

Understanding Nitrogen in Aquascape

Nitrogen and NPK

Nitrogen is an essential element in aquascaping. It is categorised as a macro nutrient which means that it should be kept in a certain concentration all the time. It also has a relation with 2 other macro nutrients which are phosphorus and potassium. The 3 of them need to be kept in a certain ratio in order for plants to utilise them successfully. The ratio of the 3 elements is often referred to N:P:K whereby N stands for nitrogen, P for phosphorus, and K for potassium. Depending on who you ask, the ratio often varies from 5:1:20 to 20:1:15. These answers are all not wrong as sometimes the ratio doesn’t need to be that exact.

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How to easily setup and effectively treat algae problem in a 120p aquascape tank

How to easily setup and effectively treat algae problem in a 120p aquascape tank

So I finally decided to scape our 120p aquascape tank. This time I wanted to do something simple and conventional. Unlike the rest of our display tanks, this has smaller hardscape at the front which slowly builds up to the tall ones at the back.

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How to built and decorate a crayfish tank

How to built and decorate a crayfish tank

Crayfish are rather easy to take care but I wanted more then just a crayfish tank. I wanted a beautiful natural looking crayfish tank but in the same time doesn't require too much maintenance therefore the decoration can't be too complicated. It will also needs to provide the needs for crayfish too live in. Not that they require much but a cave for them to hide and pebbles that's not too large are more ideal. 

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Vlog: Our new 600L Aquascape display tank.

Vlog: Our new 600L Aquascape display tank.

We recently just finish setup our 600L aquascape display tank. Here's some information and the setup up process of it. 

The tank is at 72"L x 30"W x 20"H water level is around 18inch. The tank used to be much higher but we cut down and the supportive bracing was removed. It is place at our store front and the outside facing part of the aquarium is actually part of the glass window of our store. 

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4 Important Tips for a Successful Aquascape - Part 2

4 Important Tips for a Successful Aquascape - Part 2

So how do we actually utilize and control nutrients (aka fertilizer) in a planted aquarium and why is it important for a successful aquascaping aquarium? 

As stated in the first part of this tutorial, nutrients for plants are separated into 2 categories: MACRO and MICRO. Macronutrients are nutrients that are abundant in concentration, whereby they should be kept in a certain saturation all the time; while micronutrients are nutrients that are only found in very low concentration and do not need to be maintained at a certain saturation for a long period of time. 

Knowing this, it is obvious that all brands for aquatic plants’ nutrients have the same objective, that is to supply said macro and micronutrients. This in turn means that there is no major differences in the effectiveness of each brand, whereas knowing how to control and utilize the products have much more major influence on the success of your aquarium. 

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